Formation in Neuropsychoeducation
The formation in Neuropsychoeducation is the result of the integration of the most updated neuroscientific research with other disciplines that involve the knowledge and modelling of human behavior; self-respect, respect for others and the development and integrated growth as human beings.
Aim: The main objective of the process of learning of Neuropsychoeducation is to boost the frontiers of neuroscientific knowledge beyond the medical field so as to contribute to shape a new and relevant role with the scientific thought taught in the course: to reach all human beings in different aspects of their lives: personal, educational, work, organizational and social, to be applied to improve their quality of life.
Directed: To all the people interested in knowing and studying the new neuroscientific discoveries of the BBMU (body brain mind unit) and taking them as seriously and responsibly as these subjects deserve, in a clear and accessible way. The contents of the formation and the acquired knowledge allow an ample frame of application to different areas of the life: personal, educational, work, professional and organizational.
Foundation: Thanks to the great technological advances that allow to study to the brain and to observe it live while it is in action science advances permanently in the elucidation of the form in which the brain and the product of its activity, the mind, operate. This allows us, today, to reach a new way to interpret our own behaviour and the conduct of the people we interacted throughout our life with, giving the possibility of modelling our mind in a positive way, in its emotional and mental-executives facets.
Undoubtedly it is extremely important for people to achieve the capacity to understand one another, to motivate themselves and to persevere, in spite of adversities and frustrations. And it is not less relevant to regulate the restricting emotional impulses, to increase empathy, to handle interpersonal relations suitably, to feel hope, besides developing and preserving, without altering the ability to reason.
Learning is the key to human progress. Neuropsychoeducation oriented to self-awareness and based on all the disciplines that the system contemplates, turns into an effective method of individual growth, the solving of conflicts and the development of values, essential factors to achieve the personal and social success and that our world needs.
DEGREE: Private, granted by the Educate for the Human Development Association (organization recognized by the General inspectorate of Justice I.G.J., the Ministry of Justice, Security and Human rights of the Argentine Republic. - Legal Function and position of agent number 000815
First year: Technician in Neuropsychoeducation.
Secondly year: Neurospychoeducator.
First Year Syllabus
Unit 1. Objectives and concepts of Neuropsychoeducation.
Introduction to the Line of Change system. The Body-Brain-Mind Unit (B.B.M.U.). Neuropshycoeducation and Neuropshycotraining. Scope and contributions to human development. The Work of the Neurpshycoeducator. Neuroscience and sciences involved in the system. The different scientific concepts. Interpreting style. Commitments of the neuropsychoeducator and neuropsychotrainer. Constructive and destructive life philosophies (Having-doing-being versus Being - doing - having). Procustinian Society. Dangers of a social ideal. Complex emotional interactions. Cognitive and executive functions. Basic phases of Neuropshycoeducation and Neuropshycotraining. The right to have a healthy brain - the effects of a poor nutritional, emotional and educational environment in prefrontal lobes. Survival and Transcendence. Outside-in and Inside-out views. Competing versus sharing to survive. Learning, changes and zone of certainty and uncertainty. The relation between ideas, beliefs, convictions and emotional load, as factors for change. The importance of affection in health and interpersonal relations. Evolution of human thought, characteristics. Natural or primitive world, artificial or civilized world, characteristics. Scheme of the BBMU, use of the scheme as a working tool .Forces of pain and pleasure. Behavior and neurofusions. Simple and mixed neurofusions .Modules or Minibrains. Automatic modules and Conscious Modules: Characteristics of each one of them. BBMU 1; BBMU2. Changes of the BBMU (body- brain -mind –unit).
Unit 2. Evolution, Genetics, Memetic
General Evolution. Evolution of the nervous system. Unicellular and pluricellular organisms. Basic or primitive nervous system. Organization of the neuronal network. Human evolution. Cultural Evolution. Evolutionary stages of the B.B.M.U. ( body -brain -mind -unit). Evolution and types of brains: Visceral (Reptilian), Emotional (Mammalian) and Cognitive. Limitations of their assemblies: anatomical and physiological. Factors that promote evolution. Learning and evolution. Genetic information. Reflections and instincts. Instinct of survival. Communication and formation of groups. Gregarious instinct. Group and defense of the territory. Imitation and curiosity. Individual and group evolutionary capacities. Evolution and types of brains. Characteristics and functions of the reptilian and mammalian subunits. Functions of the prefrontal lobes. Articulated language and evolution hominids. Darwin and the origin of the species. The good savage theory and its death. Genes and physical characteristics.
Unit 3. Introduction to the Neuroscience.
Macroscopic Anatomy of the B.B.M.U. Subdivisions of the nervous system. Central and peripheral nervous system. Basic organization of the nervous system. Central nervous system. Peripheral nervous system. Somatic nervous system. Independent Nervous system. Afferent and efferent nerves. Other systems. Study of the spinal cord. The spinal nerves. The nervous ganglia. Ganglia of the somatic system and the independent system. The cranial nerves. Hypothalamus, its functions and nuclei. The Cells of the nervous System. Internal and external anatomy of the neurons. Classification. Cells of support of the nervous system. Parts of a neuron: Cellular membrane, cellular Body, Nucleus, Cytoplasm, Dendrites, Axon. Myelin. Nodules of Ranvier. Complex or Apparatus of Golgi. Mitochondrion. Synaptic vesicles. Study of the neurotransmitters. Neuronal conduction. Potential of the membrane at rest. Potential of action. Ionic channels. Chemical and electrical transmission. The brain main structures
Unit 4. Lateralization and hemispheric complementation - Methods of Study
Brain Hemispheres. Their differences and functions. Crossed senses. Structures of hemispherical communication: corpus callosum and the cingulated sulcus. Face expression and hemispheres. Investigations by Roger Sperry. Divided Brain. NG case. Investigations by Michael Gazzanida and Joseph Him Doux. Emotional communication in the divided brain. The theory of the interpreter. Syndrome of the strange hand. The phenomenon of the hand that helps. Neuroanatomycal techniques. Methods of behavioral investigation.
Unit 5. Learning, Memory, Nervous Plasticity and Hebbian Networks - Level 1
Learning and synapse. Neuronal communication, Neuronal bases of learning. Hebbian Networks. Positive and negative Neuroplasticity. Conscious Neuroplasticity. Hebbian robbery. Basic and complete stages of the learning process. Emotional learning. Cognitive-emotional learning. Cognitive-intellectual-executive learning. The capacity of neural pruning or forgetfulness to fix knowledge. Neurotraining and automatization of knowledge. Confusion. Zones of security and uncertainty. What the BBMU learns and what it forgets easily. Relationship between resting and memory. Hippocampus and amygdala memory. Types of memory: implicit, explicit, episodic and semantic. Short term or operational memory. Sensorial memory. Iconic and econic memory. Transactive memory. Memory of work and its components. False memories. Ambiguous memories. Creation of false memories. The Loftus investigations. Attention: automatic, divided, selective and maintained. Mechanisms of Selective Attention. Blindness to Change. The Phenomenon of the party. Attentional Limitations. Factors that influence attention capacity Techniques of neuromarketing for perception and attention. Multitasks, distractions and attention. Characteristic of deficit of attention. Memory steps: input, storage, evocation. Hippocampus and amygdala memory.
Unit 6. Emotional brain - Level 1
Characteristics and important functions of the emotional brain. The B.B.M.U. and pleasure: the importance of dopamine and serotonin. The brain’s reward system. Function of the thalamus and the hypothalamus in the short- way evaluation of a stimulus. Joseph Him Doux. `s investigation. Amygdaline memory bank. The amygdala and the circuit of fear. Phobias. Negation or automatic deficit of attention. Emotional tones: Acute and chronic emotions. Basic emotional expressions. Alexithymia. The social smile and the true smile. Smile of Duchenne.Influence of the amygdala in emotional behavior. Amygdala and independent nervous system. The amygdala nuclei and their connections. The hippocampus: basic structure and functions. Face emotional expression. Conditioned and non-conditioned stimuli. Contextual conditioning Anatomy of fear and rage. Types of conditioning to fear. Pavlov conditioning. Anxiety and uncertainty. Intrusive ideas. Feelings. Emotions versus rationality. Drugs and the brain. Desire, action, satisfaction. The anatomy of joy.
Unit 7. Stress and amygdale - Level 1
Stress and health. Hormesis. Stages of stress. Acute and chronic. Stress in the natural and the current world. Cognition and stress. Discrimination as a stress cause. Amygdala location and functions. Central, lateral and basal nuclei. Stress and dysfunctions of the amygdala, hippocampus and prefrontal lobes. Studies of patients without amygdala. Interpretative style, language and amygdala activation. Mechanisms of stress. Physical responses to stress. Memory of pain. Hyperactivity of the amygdala.
Unit 8. Behaviors and conducts - Level 1
Instinctive Behavior. Basic reflexes of the human brain. Factors that influence human behavior. Competitiveness. Instinct of imitation. The mirror neurons. The investigations by Giacomo Rizzolatti. Mirror neurons and Neuropsychoeducation. Prediction and conducts. Hunger, brain areas and related neurotransmitters. Obesity, a world-wide problem. Investigations with animals. Connection between ingestion and energy loss. Hypothalamus and sexual behavior. Neurotransmitters and sexuality. The sexual behavior of females and males. Syndrome of Tourette; related characteristics, symptoms and structures. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, related characteristics, symptoms and structures. Thoughts and rituals of the O.C.D. Types of Obsessions and compulsions. Depression, male-female differences. Autism. Williams’’ syndrome. Syndrome of Korsakoff. Alzheimer’s disease. Introduction to the concept of “self” and mental pluralism. The investigations of Sperry, Gazzaniga, Libe, and Ornstein. Modular theory. The cerebral chemistry of the love. Nutrition and cerebral operation.
Unit 9. Cognitive and executive functions: - Level 1
Definition and presentation of cognitive and executive functions. The role of the orbito-frontal module in the capacity of blocking and emotional modelling. Cognition and stress. Cognitive evaluation and re-evaluation. Introduction to the knowledge of superior functions of the B.B.M.U. Types of intelligences: genetic and memetic. Factors related to intelligence. The most complex and evolved functions of the B.B.M.U.
Unit 10. The Prefrontal Lobes - Level 1
Anatomy of the Prefrontal Lobes: Basic functions. Internal and external modules. Major modules; anterior cingular, ventro-medial, orbito-frontal, and dorso-lateral. The interpreter. Characteristics and functions of each module. Conditions for the correct development of frontality. Anterior cingular area and stress. The brain-control center. Size of PFL in the different species. Deficiency of the PF L. Long-way in the evaluation of the stimulus and function of the LPF. Human qualities. The enriched and impoverished environments. The fight between LPF and amygdala. Phineas Gaje`s case. Elliot`s case. Investigations by Antonio Damasio.
Unit 11. Neurophilosophy of the mind
Wisdom and instincts in a single brain. Survival and Trascendence. The wise person and false teacher in a single person. Formation of the human being. Evolution of the human thought: magician, philosophical and scientific. Influence of the environmental context in society. Types of context and behavior. Cognition. Philosophies of the mind. Evolutionary psychology.
Wild life, survival in the African savannah. Neuronal networks y behaviour. Hebbian Networks. Synapse. Study of the Neocortex. Learning and neuronal regeneration. We feel with the brain. Mirror Neurons, social learning in apes. Experiment on how to reinforce learning while sleeping. Acute stress: Adrenalin and memory. Circuit of reward - Drugs and brain. The importance of the body language. Decision and emotion. Moral judgment depends on emotions. Brain and mind. Learning and memory. The chemistry of the love. Test of attention. The cooperative behavior of ants. Foods y cognition.
*not all this material is available in English.
Second Year Syllabus
Unit 1 Concepts of Neuropsychoeducation - Level 2
Pro-transcendence values. Altruistic behaviour. Constant learning. Meta-cognition. Understanding oneself and others. Selection of contexts. Cognitive reassessment. The understanding and resolution of conflicts. The reframing and transformation of meaning. Controlling for transcendence. Education and the development of empathy and emotional and executive skills. Methodology for the practical application of Neuropsychoeducation. The communication of knowledge. The cognitive or human brain. The frontal lobes. Brain hemispheres. Lateralization. Two hemispheres: Two minds. Interpretation style: lying to yourself, justifying thought. The theory of brain specialists. Minibrains. System Tools: Outline of the three ways out. Pleasure-pain forces and instincts. False cognitive outcome or cognitive behavioural trap. Stopping inappropriate impulses. True cognition. Inaccurate cognition. Normosis. Qualia: Definition, encodings and neurofusions. Sensory encoding. The importance of Neuropsychoeducation for complex emotional interactions. Invisible ignorance: not knowing what we do not know about our B.B.M.U.: Positive and negative Epigenetic. The importance of an emotionally enriched environment. Environment or context and the genetic tendency modulation.
Unit 2. Evolution, Genetics, Memetic
Introduction to Genetics. DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid: function and features. DNA and cells. Historical perspective. Basic glossary. Fundamentals of Genetics. Gregor Mendel. Charles Darwin. Mendelian Genetics. The chromosomes. Linkage and intersection. Genetics and behaviour. Evolution and liars of the animal world. The genes of sociability. The genetic pattern of addiction to alcohol and tobacco. Genes and resistance to stress. The role of culture in the BBMU. Introduction to the memetic theory. Memetic Evolution. Influence of memes on the brain. Survival of Memes. Memes and the brain of children. Thoughts and memes.
Unit 3. Introduction to Neuroscience
Layers of the brain cortex. Minicolumns,Columns and Macrocolumns. Modules. Broadman Areas. Organization of the sensory system. The meaning of sensation for the UCCM. From the eye to the brain cortex. Saccadic movements. The visual process and its characteristics. The colour as a physical phenomenon. The primary and secondary sensory cortex. Cortex of Association. Basic principles of the three cortices. The auditory system. The case of Mr. P. Differences between sensation and perception. Hearing and the brain. Chemical senses. Olfactory and taste senses. Pheromones. Smell and learning. Agnosias: Effects on the perception and recognition. Definition and types of agnosias.The somatosensory system. Skin receptors. Homuculus. Sinestesia. Qualia: definition and neurofusions Encodings. Processing faces of the B.B.M.U.: Neurological bases, disorders and evaluation. Conscious and unconscious recognition. The phenomenon Deja-Vu. The illusion of the Phantom Member. Blindness movement. Neuroendocrine System. The hypothalamus. Interactions between the nervous and endocrine system. Hormones. Glands. Survey and orientation of the nervous system of vertebrates, Axes of the nervous system, Ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) Image Gallery. Brainwaves.
Unit 4. History of the scientific contribution to the understanding of behaviour. Studies of the brain. Researchers
History and Evolution of neuroscience. The beginnings of modern neuroscience. Methods of study of the nervous system: X-rays, X-ray contrast, cerebral angiography. New Study: Computed tomography X-ray, computed tomography high-resolution helical or spiral computed tomography, magnetic resonance image, Positron emission tomography, studies with fusion systems. Cerebral blood perfusion in children. Images of healthy brains and pathology: Autism, OCD, attention deficit and exposure to neurotoxic substances. Other studies: Neuroanatomical techniques of study .Tinting of Golgi, Tinting of Nissl, Macroscopic electronics, Tinting of myelin, Neuroanatomical track techniques. Scanner samples with alterations. Psycho-physiological registration of human activity. Electroencephalogram. Muscle tension. Eye movement. Skin conductance. Cardiovascular activity. Transcraneal Magnetic Stimulation . Researchers: Robert Sapolsky. Michael Gazzaniga. Steven Pinker. Richard Daw. Oliver Sacks. Antonio Damasio. Paul Ekman. Jose Delgado. Rodolfo Llinás. William Clavin.
Unit 5. Hormones and Sex
The neuroendocrine system. Sexual Orientation: hormones and the brain.
Unit 6. Emotional Brain - Level 2
Anatomical structure of emotion. Instincts and emotions. The emotional expression. The language and facial gestures. Paul Ekman`s research. The seven types of smiles. Practical exercise to detect them. Gestures and culture. Methodology of the analytical interview. Why it is difficult to detect deception. Essentials for detecting deception. Practical exercise to detect emotional tones. Deception and evolution. Processing systems of emotion and memory storage. The role of learning. The structures of optimism. The anterior cingulate cortex and happiness. Characteristics of emotion. The background of excitment. Mechanisms of intensification or loss of emotional memory. The qualitative and quantitative components of emotion. When emotion is harmful. Emotion and behaviour. Primary and secondary emotions. Forces pain-pleasure. How the emotional system operates. Variety of feelings.
Unit 7. Addictions and Circuit of Reward
Psychobiological theories of addiction. Reward system and its ability to adapt to today's world. Neural mechanisms of addiction. The addict's brain. Addiction to nicotine and alcohol. The dopamine connection. Brain addiction to trademarks
Unit 8. Stress and amygdala - Level 2
Introduction to the study of stress. Acute and chronic. Physical responses. Dangers of the natural and artificial world. Amygdala and stress. Stages of stress. The relationship between stress, attention, memory and control. Types of stressors. Neural pathways of stress. Neurons, stress empowerment and depression in the long term. Endorphins and stress. Homeostatic mechanisms. Stress first researchers. Hans Seyle. Levels of stress and disease. Stress at the workplace. Resistance to stress. Stress and factors associated with the development: prenatal and postnatal period. Measurement of stress in the laboratory. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Retraumatize. Avoidance and dissociation. Amygdaline hyper alert state. Hormesis. The importance of neuropsychoeducation to reduce and cope with stress and create healthy contexts.
Unit 9. Language
Language lateralization in the brain. Language quality and the recreation from the outside world. Cortical location of language. The Wernicke-Geschwind model. Historical background. Examples of the brain functioning of language when hearing and reading. Aphasias. Conceptual aspects of Neurolinguistics. Bilingualism. Psycholinguistics. Physiological aspects of language. Characteristics of human language: Semantic Movement, Productivity and Syntax. Neural tracks involved in the processing of spoken language. Brain affected areas in dyslexia. Various theories of dyslexia. The visual lexicon route. The phonological lexicon route. Sign language. The language of music. Verbs and substantive produce different brain activities. From stammering to speech. Language and behaviour. How the brain reads. Genetic basis of the specific language disorder.
Unit 10. Behaviour
Autism: Structural differences. Savant syndrome. Frégoli Illusion. Illusion of Capgras. Cognitive basis of human social behaviour. The theory of the mind. Neuropsychology of perception and facial expression of emotions: Studies with children and nonhuman primates. Genetics and stress. Stress and aggressive behaviour. Exams and stress. The Burn out syndrome. Ways of coping with stress I and II. Personality variability. Self Esteem and Locus of control. The cause of human recklessness. Characteristics of sleep disorders. Circadian rhythms. Brain waves and mental states. The relationship between genetics, memetic, life experience and personality.
Unit 11. Memory, Nerve Plasticity and Hebbian Networks - Level 2
Long-term potentiation and long-term depression. Early and late long-term potentiation. Hyper and hypo neural activation. Pathological neurodegeneration. Deficit by failures of the prefrontal cortex. Eric Kandel: the brain, consciousness and memory. Concept of neuronal plasticity. The role of genetic factors. Studies of learning in animals. Synaptic plasticity. The development and maintenance of synapses. Implicit and explicit memory structure.
Unit 12. The Cognitive brain and prefrontal lobes- Level 2
Consciousness and the ascending reticular system. Will and reasoning. Metacognition. Study and development of the higher functions of the BBMU: conscious awareness, conscious learning, language development, the explicit memory, intelligence, creativity. Factors related to intelligence. Neurology and empathy. Study and Development of the Executive Functions: emotional control, delayed gratification, planning for the short, medium and long term, relating present actions to future results. Methods of study and research. Scientific Metacognition. Executive capacities. Neurodevelopment: Normal and deficient frontality. Characteristics of the rich or impoverished emotional and educational environment.Prefrontal lobes and feelings. The role of the prefrontal cortex in the modulation of the expression and emotional instincts. Right and left frontality. Different reactions from the PFL and from the amygdala. How the unit brain-mind makes decisions. Knowledge and management of the six forces to shape our BBMU.
The senses. The sense of sight. The sense of hearing. Colours: a construction of the brain. The sense of taste. The sense of smell. Synaesthesia: Mixing the senses. The skeletal system. The muscular system. Babies can recognize different languages by the speakers` faces. Chimpanzees have better numeral memory than humans. Mitosis: cell division. Cell Eukaryotic cells. The sexual desire. The chemistry of love I .The journey of Eve 1, 2 and 3. The history of taming: from wolves to dogs. Evolution, genetics and lice. An interview to Paul Ekman by E. Punset. An interview to Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi by E. Punset. An interview to Dr. Sapolsky. “The brain: theatre of the emotions” Interview to Dr. Damasio. Stress and pleasure, extremes that meet. Learning and aggression. Images of brain scanners. Brain Banks - Neural networks. Dopamine, endorphins and pain. Epigenetics - Maternal care and stress. Scheduling emotions. Artificial intelligence I.
Artificial intelligence II and emotions. Artificial intelligence III and emotions. Asperger's Syndrome: Recognition of Emotions. Genius and Asperger's Syndrome. Savant syndrome typology. Hemisphere and Creativity.
*not all this material is available in English.
For Classroom and Distance formats.
Two years. 11 months each.
Partial tests will be taken every two months.
During the course of the training, papers and research work will have to be submitted.
GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE COURSE
The course is organized as follows:
- Theoretical part
- Complementary tools.
- Glossary of terminology used in the Line of Change System.
- Line of Change System in Outlines.
- Practical media for the work of the Neuroeducator
- Important news
- Recommended bibliography
- Recommended web sites
- Research work
Private, granted by Asociación Educar para el Desarrollo Humano (approved by the Corporation Control Authority [Inspección General de Justicia], Ministry of Justice, Security and Human Rights of Argentina. - Legal capacity number: 000815-